Chronic renal dysfunction is the final outcome of a variety of progressive renal disease. There are many causes to lead to the occurrence of chronic renal insufficiency, the most common are the following:
1, chronic glomerulonephritis: such as IGA nephropathy, membrane proliferative glomerulonephritis; focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and mesangial proliferative glomerular nephritis.
2, kidney damage caused by metabolic abnormalities, such as diabetic nephropathy, gouty nephropathy and renal amyloidosis nephritis etc.;
3, vascular nephropathy, such as hypertension, renal vascular hypertension, renal arteriosclerosis;
4, hereditary kidney disease, such as polycystic kidney disease, Alport syndrome;
5, infection kidney disease, such as chronic pyelonephritis, renal tuberculosis;
6, systemic diseases, such as lupus nephritis, vasculitis, renal injury, multiple myeloma, etc.;
7, toxic nephropathy, such as analgesic nephropathy, heavy metal toxic kidney disease, etc.
8, obstructive nephropathy, such as ureteral obstruction; reflux nephropathy, urinary tract stones and so on.