Diabetes known as "source of sickness," said the body would cause many diseases, oral disease is common with diabetes complications, the occurrence of oral diseases will increase the blood sugar rises, so if the poor treatment of the two will form a vicious circle.
Patients with diabetes will lead to those of oral diseases?
Can occur in the oral cavity of diabetic gingivitis. Dark red gums, swelling, easy bleeding or exfoliation, periodontal prone to periodontal abscess, and often relapse; calculus can be formed quickly in the short term, due to the deposition of stones, gums, is stripped, the periodontal ligament is damaged, the periodontal pocket will soon formed. Food debris so it is easy to impaction in the periodontal pocket, is conducive to microbial growth, adding to the destruction of periodontal tissue; due to fear of bleeding gums when brushing your teeth, brushing the quality will decline, teeth can appear quickly loose , weakness, elongation flu symptoms, and even some patients with early stage there is full mouth off.
Diabetes may also experience dry mouth, thirst, tongue discoloration is dark red, tongue hypertrophy of oral symptoms. Patients with severe diabetes may be due to fat metabolism, ketone bodies increased in the oral cavity smell ketones taste (bad apple), so some halitosis patients can consider doing blood glucose testing.
Diabetic patients with oral diseases should be how to do?
The organization of diabetic patients with high sugar content, plus the patient's immune function, and is conducive to bacterial growth and reproduction. Therefore, in the maxillofacial region often furuncle carbuncle, suppurative infections can occur. Injured due to diabetes in patients with systemic and local resistance is low, wounds prone to infection and necrosis, so during the extraction, do deep periodontal scaling and oral surgery, blood glucose control should be less than 8.96mmol / L, and use of effective antibiotics before and after surgery. Another anesthetic containing epinephrine should be used sparingly, because adrenaline can make blood sugar, and wound ischemia, caused by infection. In addition, the extraction time of patients with insulin injections should be completed within two hours too long to prevent fasting hypoglycemia reaction.
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